Fear And Greed Index is a tool that studies the market situation and measures the two most important emotions that play a significant role in the world of stock and crypto markets.

Fear & greed are two major emotions and causes of bull markets, bear markets, and business cycles. These sentiments act as the main emotional motivators of stock markets and business behavior.

Many time we take those emotion in granted & take important decision while trading. Hence, results in painful loss.

And yes, those sentiments are always involved each time we trade in stock or crypto market.

Have you ever noticed your emotion, gone wrong in decision taking process?

I’m quite sure you have the same experience too.

So to overcome such a situation some tools and tactics are important to consider. Those tools to measure emotion could be the fear and greed index. And the tactics could be as explained by warren buffet – “Sell the greed and Buy the fear“. that I’ve explained in this post.

The information given below will surely help you to understand that how these tools work and how they help to make a quality decision in the stock market.

But I do have to mention that- after studying all information from such tools-one should try to use his/her knowledge to take the significant decision before trading. 

Consider this blog as a guide to fear & greed index and helps you to evaluate your decision making process.

Use the table of content to navigate around the topic that interest you –

Brief About The Fear & Greed Index

The Fear and Greed Index acts as a barometer for whether the stock market is fairly priced by studying the emotions of investors.

As such for the Index, is an indication volume of the people in the fear and greed cycle. As excessive fear tends to drive down share prices, and too much greed tends to have the opposite effect.

What Is The Fear And Greed Index?

The fear greed index is a gauge that was developed by CNN Money to measure two of the emotions(i.e, greed and fear). And how those emotions influence much investors in willing to pay for stocks. Fear & greed over time marked on a daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly basis.

In theory, the index can be used to measure whether the stock market is fairly priced. This is based on the logic that excessive fear tends to slide down share prices, and too much greed tends to have the adverse and opposite effect.

The fear greed index was developed to examine whether investors are too bullish or bearish on the stock market. The index ranges from 0 (extreme fear) to 100 (extreme greed).

These indexes study the emotions & helps to tackle during the fear and greed situation in the stock as well as crypto market.

How To Use Fear And Greed Index?

fear and greed indicator
Fear And Greed Indicator

A fear and greed index can be used based on rating:

  • 0 to 49 indicates fear
  • 50 indicates neutral
  • 51 to 100 greed indicator

The Cycle Of The Fear Greed index

This emotional cycle consists of four main phase:

  • The first phase is hope.
  • The second phase is greed.
  • The third phase is regret.
  • The final phase is fear. 
Fear and greed cycle
Fear And Greed Cycle

To make it more clear, you watch the video attached below.

Video By Road To Invest

Note : These four phases of emotion run in a cycle and will continue forever in a trader until they deal in stocks.

How Is The Fear And Greed Cycle Affect Our Investment?

The emotional cycle mistakes we commonly do during our trading journey are proven with the given examples.

  • The stock price movement in the beginning you buy the stock at a particular price level and you have hope in the stock price to rise – That emotion makes you being optimistic for expectation with a positive outcome.
  • Further, you hope that the stock price will rise higher. After the stock price rise higher the emotion you have is an intense desire for wealth and power- Now, this is the phase where you want to get rich faster so you will buy more of the stock in greed.
  • At this stage, when the stock price went down the emotion – you have now is only regret. You regret something that should be done before. And you should have been sold and earn a good profit.
  • But, when the stock price went down further. Consequently, the emotion is transformed into fear due to the afraid of losing all the money, and lastly, you sell it down. If not the stock price will go down further making you a huge loss.

How The Fear And Greed Index Calculated By Cnn Business?

The Cnn Fear And Greed Index calculated on the basis of 7 Different Indicators.

It is based on seven separate factors of the Cnn fear greed index – each factor is gauged from 0 to 100 and equally weighted to generate the index value.

According to the CNN website, too much fear can sink stocks well below their intrinsic value and vice versa.

However, the below-given 7 factors help in the calculation process done by the Cnn greed and fear index chart on daily basis.

Let’s have a look.

Stock Price Strength

Clear new 52-week highs and lows on the NYSE is what measures this factor.

If the number of stocks hitting 52-week highs is continuously exceeding the number of stocks hitting 52-weeks lows, this circumstance pushes more towards greed.

And if the number of stocks hitting 52-weeks lows is continuously exceeding the number of stocks hitting 52-week highs, this portion pushes more towards fear.

Stock Price Breadth

The index measures advancing and declining volume on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).

It means when there is more volume in stocks rising in price, this factor accelerates towards greed.

And when there is more volume in stocks dropping in price, these factors shift towards fear.

Market Momentum

The performance of the S&P 500 relative to its 125-day moving average measures this factor. A greater comparative performance indicates greed and vice versa. 

If the value of the S&P 500 is higher than its 125-day moving average, this factor drives towards greed.

And If the value of the S&P 500 is less than its 125-day moving average, this factor pushes towards fear.

Put and Call Options

The Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE) 5-Day Average Put/Call Ratio measures fear and vice versa. 

The put/call ratio estimates bullish call options trading volume relative to bearish put options trading volume. 

The lower the volume of puts and the higher the volume of calls, the higher this factor pushes towards greed. The higher the volume of puts and the lower the volume of calls, the stronger this factor pushes towards fear.

 In this way, put/call options are examined by the Cnn business to define fear & greed index chart.

 Safe-Haven Demand

The difference between 20-day stock and bond returns is what measures this factor. 

The performance of stocks compared to bonds is evaluated in order to define the fear and greed index chart.

If stocks are beating bonds, that showcases a push towards greed.

And if bonds are beating stocks, that showcases a push towards fear.

So, greater relevant performance indicates greed and vice versa.

 Junk Bond Demand

The yield spread between investment-grade bonds and junk bonds is what measures this factor. A higher yield spread indicates lower junk bond demand (signals fear) and vice versa.

When the spread between junk bonds and investment-grade bonds is lower, that expresses a push towards greed.

And when the spread between junk bonds and investment-grade bonds is higher, that indicates a push towards fear.

Market Volatility

The Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE) Volatility Index (“VIX”) measures market volatility. 

The VIX is a real-time market index that outlines the market’s expected 30-day forward-looking volatility.

A greater VIX value indicates fear and the lower the VIX, the more push towards greed.

Use Of Fear & Greed Index As A Significant Tool

Fear & Greed Index

The Index is seen as less of an investment research tool and more of a market-timing entry tool.

As said by Warren Buffet- 

Be fearful when others are greedy, and greedy when others are fearful.


For example, when the index hits a value of 90 (extreme greed), it may signal that stocks are exceeded. It may prompt investors who follow the index to sell their stock holdings.

How Buying Fear And Selling Greed Could Make You A Smarter Investor?

You might have experienced the situation when you prefer to buy more when you are in a trap of greed and similarly, there might have the situation of selling in fear. Which finally gives you a loss and nothing.

But, there is 6 different approach preferred by many of the smart investors who earn a huge profit by implementing it.

As Warren Buffet clearly states “Buy the fear, sell the greed.”

Buy Stocks When An Investor Is In Fear :

That’s a disciplined strategy you have heard by clever Warren Buffet and one that very few investors master. 

So if this advice is so counterintuitive, why should we comprehend it at all?

Many investors fall into the disaster of dumping down all of their profit along with the capital. Only because that is what the herd is doing and eventually locking in your losses forever. Right!


There is a kind of panic environment where smart investors resist themselves from entering into to herd of fear.

At the same time, there are smart and cautious investors like warren buffet who always try to walk separately from the herd. 

It’s the time when these investors take the benefits of the worrying situations and buy the dumping stocks at much less prices. Producing the biggest potential gains possible.

So, better be smart and take the position yourself uniquely. To pick up those same shares for a substantially undervalued price and earn smartly.

The Fear Will Fade Up:

Onward to a few months later everything will start to get back to its normal position. Companies will start to regain their confidence and just like everything over time, the fear will also fade up. 

Creating the undervalued price(which was dumped down when some investors were too worried ) to move at its realistic price-making and leaving in gain by its clever investors.

The Rebound And Dumping The Greed:

Greed is typically created by shares that have been rising in price. 

And the stocks that you bought after investors dumped them during a moment of panic will (almost) surely attract the hungry eyes of investors who are watching them rebound back to proper valuations, and possibly even beyond.

This typical rebound leads to the second part of the phrase, which is selling the greed at the right moment.

Taking the advantage of the situation, smart investors who have bought the fear, now have to find the most opportune moment to sell the greed. So, they could make a sufficient profit from their right emotion.

Avoid The Hope For Even Greater Gains:

The problem of typical investors is they are too much greedy. These investors aren’t looking for profit-taking opportunities, they are hopeful for even greater gains.

And this is the biggest mistake of regret.

The moment becomes funnier when these types of investors lose control of their so-called greediness.

Let’s understand with the example,

If the shares go up 100 percent, the shareholder gets excited and hopeful that he or she might reach a 160 percent gain. If those shares increase to an amount of 160 percent, that same shareholder will be holding out now for 200 percent. As the greediness increases with the rising price they lose control of their emotion & fall into the trap.

But the fact we can’t ignore is greed will not help you establish a long-term, stable, and profitable deal. 

Instead, it locks many investors into the promise of making more money. 

And this puts them at the risk of holding onto those shares for too long. Losing most or all of their money at a 4G speed making the investors cry after the price goes back down. 

Once an investment has started moving higher, that is the spot at which investors who are sitting on a pretty substantial profit, start telling their friends on the social platform. And many other people who hear about the big investment gains, can’t resist diving into the game, which helps drive the price even higher.

As a result, the higher the shares increase, the more greedy people will enter the market.

This is the time when smart investors decide to exit the market with profitable income. And greedy people as a result will suffer at last.

So, better use your emotions at the right time.

Don’t Let Greed Cloud Your Judgment:

Keeping this in mind, greediness is not limited to some investors only. Can’t be seen but can be felt with the decision-making process. Everyone is aware of but for some reason, no one really pays attention to it.

And therefore, greed can cloud judgment, making people hold on to some stocks way ahead of practicality. 

So these six deceptively simple words—“buy the fear, sell the greed”—are powerful tools for investment. These are supported by many experienced investors which could help you determine the best moments to buy and sell. 

Try not to wind up with the cloud of greediness and take essential judgment. 


Use the right emotion at right time.

Buy the fear and sell the greed.

Do you have an experience of losing control of your emotion(i.e., greed & fear) in the stock market?

Do share in the comment box if you have faced the situation.

How To Study The Value And Chart Of Bitcoin & Crypto Fear And Greed Index?

Crypto Fear And Greed Index

The values on the crypto greed fear index range from 0 (extreme fear) to 100 (extreme greed). 

The section on the chart and slider are separated as follows:

  • 0-24 = Extreme Fear
  • 25-49 = Fear
  • 50-74 = Greed
  • 75-100 = Extreme Greed

It can be demonstrated easily that when the market is approaching or in the “extreme greed” zone – traders are getting too greedy and the market is overdue for a correction.

Likewise, it can be demonstrated that when the market is in the “extreme fear” zone – traders are being too fearful and we might be reversing soon.

How To Calcualate Crypto Fear And Greed Index ?

How to calculate Crypt Fear And Greed Index

The Crypto Fear and Greed Index gets updated every 8 hours (approximately 00:00, 08:00, and 16:00 UTC). To calculate the fear & greed index, data is gathered from different sources. Each source has a unique “weight” assigned to it, to symbolize the importance of estimating the market sentiment.

According to the data on google,

The Bitcoin Fear and Greed index is obtained as follows: Volatility – 25%, Market volume – 25%, Social Media – 15%, Results from surveys – 15%, Bitcoin dominance – 10%, Google trends – 10%. 

For brief details have a look at some factors below which assist in defining the crypto greed index and fear index.

Market Volume

Comparison is done on the current (and recent) volume to historical data. Once buying volumes increase significantly, the greed levels rise, too.

Higher volume symbolizes that the market is either more greedy or more fearful (depending on the market direction).

Outcomes as a better prediction on the fear & greed index nifty live.


Measuring the current volatility and max drawdowns of bitcoin. Generally, the comparison is done corresponding average values of the last 30 days and 90 days. Indicates an unusual rise in volatility is a sign of a fearful market and crypto greed and fear index.

Social Media (Reddit & Twitter)

Information on the crypto fear and greed index chart is gathered from tweets and Reddit posts/comments.

It’s a type of online survey mentioning Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. And analyzes the sentiment of those posts and fear and greed index bitcoin.

Generally speaking bullish tweets/posts (such as “Bitcoin is going to the moon”) indicate a greedy market sentiment.

Whereas bearish posts (such as “Bitcoin has no adoption and the fees are too high”) indicate a fearful market sentiment.

Results From Surveys:

Strawpoll.com conducts weekly crypto polls and asks people how they see the Bitcoin market. Fear and greed index crypto is interpreted to give results. It is based on the surveys.

Bitcoin Dominance:

Once Bitcoin dominance rises, it indicates a growing level of greed and vice versa. And when the dominance contracts, it means that people get scared to invest in bitcoins. In such a way crypto fear and greed index are examined.

Search Data Trends Online(Via Google & Bing)

The monthly search volume and trends are analyzed. The program picks Google and bing trend data for various Bitcoin or cryptocurrencies-related search queries (such as “how to buy bitcoin”, “bitcoin price” etc). 

As it estimates the general public’s interest in terms of Bitcoin and Cryptocurrencies and assists in the calculation of the crypto fear and greed index.

However, it should be kept in mind that fear greed index crypto indicators are not 100% accurate.

Some Clever Tips To Tackle Crypto & Stock Greed Index

  • Fix your and loss amount
  • Fix the numbers of trades
  • Don’t trade on the same script
  • Positive approach towards losses

Related :

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You may like to learn some finance tips that our school don’t teaches us.

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